Volume 14, Issue 9, 09 2023 Edition - IJSER Journal Publication

Publication for Volume 14, Issue 9, 09 2023 Edition - IJSER Journal Publication

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Numerous international treaties recognise the inalienable right to privacy. It is necessary for the safeguarding of human dignity and is a fundamental cornerstone of a democratic nation. It defends both the self and the rights of others. The relationship between an individual, a group, and an individual that is not vulnerable to interference, unwanted invasion, or infringement of personal liberty is considered private. All modern societies recognise the significance of privacy, not just for humanitarian but also for legal reasons. When our Constitution was written in the early 1950s, the framers did not think it necessary to add a particular article ensuring the right to privacy. In a series of decisions, however, the Supreme Court ruled categorically that the Right to Privacy is not a constitutionally protected fundamental right. In 1997, the Apex Court decided People's Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL) v. Union of India, setting the groundwork for the right to privacy in the context of telephonic surveillance (i.e., wiretaps) and constitutional liberties. This article analysis the Supreme Court's position on the right to privacy in the PUCL Case, which was upheld in the landmark 2017 decision by a nine-judge panel in KS Puttaswamy v. Union of India, in which privacy was deemed a fundamental right.

One step DNA extraction : buffer and method standardisation study []

Molecular techniques have been gaining importance in the field of diagnostics . The covid pandemic saw standardization of methods and kits for diagnostics in a faster phase. This paper deals with the standardization of method and buffers for one step DNA extraction. The process that requires both time and technical training in any molecular technique is DNA /RNA extraction. In this paper 2 buffers from the study of 13 different buffers with various combination and concentrations of chemicals were identified to be effective, quality and quantity of the DNA was seen from the A260/A280 ratio and the efficiency of the same was compared and confirmed with DNA gel electrophoresis and PCR techniques. These buffers in combination with techniques such as reverse pipetting, centrifugation , invert mixing were employed to check the efficiency of the protocol. Quantity of the buffers and samples were seen for the best results.

Numerical Investigation of Cold-Formed Sigma Sections Subjected to Torsion []

Cold-formed steel sections imposed itself as an economical construction material due it’s high strength to weight ratio. The customizable nature of the cold-formed steel is an added advantage resulted in the ability to form numerous different geometries. Modifying the conventional Cee section geometry by adding intermediate stiffeners to the web resulted in forming a new geometry which has a superior behavior against the buckling instabilities. However, the slender and open nature of the conventional cold-formed geometries resulted in a significant susceptibility to twisting and warping stresses. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the behavior of cold-formed sigma sections when subjected to torsional stresses. These torsional stresses are induced by either the effect of the first-order eccentric loading or the effect of the second-order instabilities. First, a finite element model is verified against available experimental data. Then, the verified model is utilized for a wide range parametric study with torsional loading applied on a range of selected parameters including, geometries, steel grades, and member lengths. Finally, the ultimate bi-moment capacity is determined by performing a collapse analysis for the investigated models.

A Trade-Offs of Performance and Security in Cloud Computing Environment []

Performance and security are vital components in ensuring the quality of service (QoS) in cloud computing (CC), necessary for meeting the commitments between service providers and their customers. While high performance and availability, along with top-tier security, are sought after, they often conflict with each other. This study delves into this dilemma by conducting a quantitative assessment using a generalized stochastic Petri net (GSPN). We explore a balance between performance and security in the context of the cloud computing environment using the OpenStack Cloud Platform. Additionally, we undertake numerical tests and provide relevant interpretations that strongly suggest a typical trade-off on performance and security. Our model sheds light on how security measures can detrimentally affect the performance of cloud platform service offerings.

A Systematic Mapping Studies of Cloud Testing Ecosystem []

Cloud computing gave birth to a new IT resource service stack. It has led to a surge of software services designed and hosted via cloud infrastructures that are accessible by millions of users across the globe. The services include Infrastructure as a service (IaaS), Platform as a service (PaaS), Software as a service (SaaS) and other emerging ones such as Testing as a service (TaaS). TaaS allows developers and vendors to provide an environment for testing services across the layers of the cloud service ecosystem or test the cloud platform itself. The approaches to cloud testing are of a wide variety and focus on aspects of cloud layers or performance characteristics. In this paper, we present the results of a systematic mapping study (SMS) of cloud testing ecosystem that aims to characterize and categorize how empirical studies have been used to investigate cloud testing area. The objective of the mapping was to understand how researchers study cloud testing at each of the service layers, types of testing covered and how a cloud testing is investigated and reported. We identify relevant studies to classify which testing methods were sufficiently explored with cloud ecosystem at either software, platform or infrastructure levels. The study covers a period from January 2008 to November 2016. The paper also answers the mapping questions related to the publication fora, authors and years that have the most articles related to cloud testing. We identified 152 relevant publications and reported aggregated results for these categories cloud-based on testing.

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